The Fed and How It Got That Way Here is a quick history of the Federal Reserve and an overview of what it does. Share | Have A Question About This Topic? Name Email Address Message Thank you! Oops! Related Content Inflation and Your Portfolio Even low inflation rates can pose a threat to investment returns. Best-Performing Asset Classes Bonds may outperform stocks one year only to have stocks rebound the next. From Boats to Brokers From the Dutch East India Company to Wall Street, the stock market has a long and storied history.